Francis Bocala

“Nunc pro tunc” Equitable Remedy for Nonimmigrant Petitions

“Nunc pro tunc” is a Latin expression which means “now for then”. In immigration law, the expression refers to the equitable remedy for noncitizens who are beneficiaries of nonimmigrant petitions (such as L-1, H-1, R-1, O-1 etc.)[1] A similar provision is available for noncitizens to whom the Child Status Protection Act (CSPA) applies and who failed to pursue their permanent residence within one-year of visa availability.

US Visa Document


Reports from members have been delivered to AILA regarding the status updates of pending EB-1 and EB-2 adjustment of status applications showing as “retrogressed”.

The United States State Department has released the October 2022 Visa Bulletin. Overall, there is movement in terms of Final Action Dates and Dates for Filing. EB- 2 India retrogresses two years and EB-3 moves slightly forward 3 months.

B-1 and B-2 Visa Interviews

B-1 and B-2 visas are   non-immigrant temporary visas allowing individuals to travel to United States for business or tourism. B-1 and B-2 visas can be awarded for up to a period of ten years and permit multiple entries to the country.

Which Employers are Exempt from the H-1B Cap?

The regular H-1B cap visa lottery allots 65,000 H-1B visas to foreign skilled workers each year, with an additional 20,000 visas available for master’s degree holders. Employees can only receive an H-1B visa if their registration is selected in the lottery.

US No Longer Requires a Negative COVID-19 Test for International Air Travelers

The United States government will no longer require international air travelers to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test before boarding their flight to the US. International travelers departing from their point of origin on or after June 12, 2022, at 12:01 AM EDT will no longer have to submit a negative COVID-19 test pre-departure when arriving to the United States from a foreign country.

How to Qualify for O-1A Visas

The O-1 nonimmigrant visa is designed for foreign nationals with extraordinary abilities in a variety of fields including sciences, education, and business. Individuals must apply for the correct O-1 visa subcategory based on their qualifications.

EB-5 Visa Regional Center Program Extended Through September 2027

The EB-5 Regional Center Program has been officially extended through September 30, 2027 by Congress’s EB-5 Reform and Integrity Act of 2022. The policy also increases the minimum investment required EB-5 visas, and sets aside part of the annual EB-5 immigrant visa quota for rural areas, high unemployment areas, and infrastructure projects.

An Introduction to the Divorce Process in California

he decision to file for divorce in California is certainly not an easy one. It can be legally complex, and emotionally difficult. The process varies based on the duration of your marriage, whether you have children, and most importantly, whether you can reach an agreement with your spouse.

Combating the Great Resignation

Companies may have a poor return on their sponsorship investment if they have trouble retaining their L, H-1B, and other nonimmigrant employees. Many large and small corporations alike turn to their attorneys for creative ways to retain employees or at least recoup training expenses.

The Future of Data Security Laws in the United States

The digital era has brought new attention to the data privacy debate. While there is limited national data privacy legislation at the time of publication, United States businesses may be subject to different privacy laws based on factors like which consumers purchase their products or services.

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